Driving on roads is more like a passion for some, while for the others, it is one of the best means that makes travel easy and comfortable. Being able to drive on roads gives you the freedom to go wherever you wish to, but you do not get your license to thrill unless you have a valid driving license. In India, for an individual who wants to drive or ride on roads, procuring a driving license is mandatory. The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 prohibits individuals from driving or riding a motor vehicle without a driving licence. The provisions of the act clearly state that no individual is allowed to ride/drive on roads without a valid driving licence.
A driving license is an official document issued by the government of India, permitting an individual to drive a vehicle on Indian roads. This document certifies that the individual is eligible to drive or ride motorized vehicles such as a car, truck, bike, bus, etc., without any supervision. Commonly referred to as DL, a driving license specifies that you have undergone the required training and tests and are well-aware of all the traffic rules and regulations.
In India, a driving license is issued by the Regional Transport Authority (RTA) or Regional Transport Office (RTO) of the state you reside in. A driving licence contains a registration number and a passport size photo that gives you the identity of the owner of the vehicle. It must have a rubber stamp and the signature of the officer-in-charge along with the mention of the office it was issued from. In India, if you are learning to drive, then you should first get a learner's license after which you can get a permanent driving license.
Driving licence in India is issued depending on the class of your motor vehicle. However, the eligibility criteria is subject to change depending on the class of the vehicle.
|CATEGORY OF USE||LICENSE CLASS||VEHICLE TYPE|
|Personal Use||MC 50CC (Motorcycle 50cc)||Motorcycles with an engine capacity of 50 cc or less|
|MCWOG/FVG||Motorcycles with any engine capacity, but without gears, including mopeds and scooters|
|LMV-NT||Light motor vehicles that are used for non-transport purposes|
|MC EX50CC||Motorcycles with gear, Motorcycles with a capacity of 50CC or more, Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs) including cars|
|MC With Gear or M/CYCL.WG||All motorcycles even with gear|
|Commercial Use||MGV||For medium goods vehicle|
|LMV||Light motor vehicles including motorcars, jeeps, taxis, delivery vans|
|HMV||Heavy Motor Vehicles|
|HGMV||Heavy Goods Motor Vehicle|
|HPMV/HTV||Heavy passenger motor vehicle/Heavy transport vehicle|
|Trailer||Person holding heavy vehicle driving licence can apply for heavy trailer license|
Knowing the steps involved in applying for a DL in India becomes easy as you can get the driving online offline and offline too.
For applying for driving license online follow the below mentioned steps:
Visit the official Sarathi Website (sarathi.nic.in). Click on âSarathi Services,â and select âNew Driving license,â. Read the details and download the form.
Fill the form as per the instructions and submit it. Before submitting the form, note down the form application number.
After submission, you will receive an SMS that will show you the status of your driving license application.
Schedule your learnerâs license test by clicking on âAppointment for LL testâ under the Online Transaction with Sarathiâ section.
The âAppointment for LL testâ will let you schedule the time and date of your test.
At the time of the test, you will have to carry the required documents i.e. the age proof and residence proof.
The steps mentioned below will help you understand how you can apply for driving license offline.
Get the application form (Form 1 for Learner License and Form 4 for Permanent license) i.e. the form of a motor vehicle driving license in India. You can download the form online from the state transport website or can get it from the nearest RTO office.
Fill the form and submit it along with your age proof and address proof at the RTO office in your area. Ask the RTO officials to schedule your driving licence test and pay the fees for the same.
Reach the driving licence test centre on the given date and time. On clearing the test, your driving license will be sent to your registered address.
If you are taking driving lessons from a driving school, then the school officials can help you procure your license.
|VEHICLE TYPE||ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA|
|Motorcycles with gear||The applicant must be at least 18 years old.|
He should be aware of traffic rules and regulations and should have a valid age proof and address proof.
|Motorcycles without gear (capacity of up to 50CC)||The applicant should be minimum 16 years old and should have the consent of his guardian or parents.|
He must be aware of traffic rules and regulations, and should possess a valid age proof and address document.
|Heavy commercial vehicles||The applicant should have cleared the 8th standard.|
The applicant should be above the age of 18 (In some states, the minimum age for this vehicle type is 20 years).
The applicant should be trained from a government training school or one that is affiliated with the state government.
While applying for a driving licence, here is a list of documents that you need to submit:
Other document requirements for getting a driving licence: